Magna Carta


Magna Carta
Lit. 'Great Charter'. The first version of this document of June 1215 had 63 clauses. Magna Carta (first known as the Articles of the Barons) emerged out of King John's dispute with rebelling barons. John saw it as a means of placating his opponents; they saw it as a means of controlling the king. The document was agreed at Runnymede and the following temporary peace is sometimes known as the Peace of Runnymede. A copy of Magna Carta was sent to every sheriff in England to be read out at the shire court. But that peace lasted a few months only. On the fresh outbreak of hostilities, the French king, Louis VIII, was invited to come to England and take the crown. Magna Carta was effectively forgotten. However, on the accession of Henry III, after King John's death in October 1216, it was reissued, somewhat modified. A third version was produced in 1217. Finally in 1225 it reached its fourth and final form. This is the version usually referred to, unless otherwise specified. Famously, it proclaimed in chapter 35 that 'no free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or disseised [i.e. dispossessed of property or rights] . . . except by the lawful judgement of his peers'. Another clause, equally important, states 'To no one will we [the crown] sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice'. Copies of the 1215 version remain in existence: one at Lincoln Cathedral, one at Salisbury Cathedral, while the British Library has two. It has come to represent a statement of basic liberties, though many of its provisions, such as those dealing with forest law, are now irrelevant. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Magna Carta — La Magna Carta Libertatum ou Grande Charte est une charte de soixante trois articles arrachée par le baronnage anglais au roi Jean sans Terre[note 1] le 15 juin 1215 après une courte guerre civile notamment marquée par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Magna carta — La Grande Charte ou Magna Carta Libertatum est une charte de 63 articles arrachée par le baronnage anglais au roi Jean sans Terre le 15 juin 1215 après une courte guerre civile notamment marquée par la prise de Londres, le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Magna Carta — • The charter of liberties granted by King John of England in 1215 and confirmed with modifications by Henry III in 1216, 1217, and 1225 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Magna Carta     Magna Carta …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Magna Carta — Mag·na Car·ta or Mag·na Char·ta / mag nə kär tə/ n [Medieval Latin, literally, great charter]: a charter of liberties signed under duress by King John of England in 1215 that influenced the development of several modern legal and constitutional… …   Law dictionary

  • Magna Carta — is the usual spelling now for the famous English charter of 1215, although Magna Charta, once the dominant form, is still sometimes found, especially in AmE. Charta and Carta are both valid forms in Latin …   Modern English usage

  • Magna Carta — Mag na Car ta, Magna Charta Mag na Char ta [L., great charter.] 1. The great Charter, so called, obtained by the English barons from King John, A. D. 1215. This name is also given to the charter granted to the people of England in the ninth year… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Magna Carta — also Magna Charta, 1560s, Medieval Latin, literally great charter (of English personal and political liberty), attested in Anglo Latin from 1279; obtained from King John, June 15, 1215. See MAGNATE (Cf. magnate), CARD (Cf. card) (n.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Magna Carta — or Magna Charta [mag′nə kär′tə] n. [ML, lit., great charter] the great charter that King John of England was forced by the English barons to grant at Runnymede, June 15, 1215, traditionally interpreted as guaranteeing certain civil and political… …   English World dictionary

  • Magna Carta — This article is about the English charter originally issued on 15 June 1215, and later modified. For other uses, see Magna Carta (disambiguation). Great Charter redirects here. For the Irish law, see Great Charter of Ireland. Magna Carta …   Wikipedia

  • Magna Carta — Kopie der Magna Charta von 1215 Die meist nur kurz als Magna Carta (auch: Magna Charta[1]) bezeichnete Magna Charta Libertatum – auf Deutsch etwa: „großer Freibrief“ – ist eine von König Johann Ohneland zu Runnymede in England am 15.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magna Carta — /mag neuh kahr teuh/ 1. the great charter of English liberties, forced from King John by the English barons and sealed at Runnymede, June 15, 1215. 2. any fundamental constitution or law guaranteeing rights and liberties. Also, Magna Charta.… …   Universalium


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